tempo: The speed at which a piece of music is played.
texture: The overall sensory effect created by the combined sounds of musical instruments and harmonies.
theme: The central message or melody of a composition, usually a musical phrase or idea.
timbre: The tonal quality of a voice or instrument (e.g., raspy, rough, smooth, clear, etc.).
time signature: A numeric symbol, expressed as a fraction, at the beginning of a written composition; describes the number of beats per measure and the rhythmic value of each note.
vibrato: A slight, often rapid fluctuation of pitch that enriches or dramatizes a note.
woodwind: A family of musical instruments that includes saxophones, clarinets, flutes, oboes, and bassoons.